"Learn of me ... and ye shall find rest unto your souls." - Matthew 11: 29

Our Father and Our God

This week is Father’s Day, and while we will be celebrating our Earthly fathers, we too should remember our Heavenly Father. So too should we remember Adam, the father of human salvation (Luke 3: 38). While Christ is the author of our salvation, it was Adam that first accepted God’s grace (Genesis 2: 7) and is our father as the first human we know of to join and create an Earthly version of the Church of Jesus Christ (Moses 5: 4-5).

To members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Adam is more than this. He is also the Ancient of days, mentioned in the Book of Daniel (7: 9). As such, he was given every key to run the Church on the Earth, spiritual and political (Moses 5: 58), thus granting him his desire to be like God when he ate of the tree.

Before that, he was Michael, the archangel (D&C 107: 54). Just who is this Michael the archangel? We know from the Book of Revelation that he, in the pre-mortal realm, fought with the Devil (12: 7). We know that, like Christ, he is a prince of God the Father (D&C 78: 16), and he is the seventh angel or archangel – leader of the armies of heaven (D&C 88: 112). As such, when he was born as Adam it only makes sense that we would be the first to enjoy the fruits of the Gospel and a Adam be the first to lead the armies of Heaven here on Earth (1 Thessalonians 4: 16).

Even more than this, we know that he, Michael, helped Jesus Christ in the creation. In the temple endowment video, the pre-mortal Savior says to him,

Michael, see-here is matter unorganized. We will organize it into a world like unto the worlds that we have heretofore formed. We will call our labors the first day, and return and report.

He too, like Christ, was a creator. Yet, we know that every man and woman to live on this Earth took part in the creation (Abraham 4 & 5). Why was only Adam/Michael mentioned in the narrative? There are a few reasons, one being that as participants in the Endowment, every man is represented as Adam and every woman Eve. God call all of us (males) Adam (Genesis 5: 2). Thus we may see ourselves in part of the creation as we see Michael working with the Savior. But, there is another reason that Brigham Young explains to us in what may very well be the simplest yet most confused sermon he ever gave.

It is true that the earth was organized by three distinct characters, namely, Eloheim, Yahovah, and Michael, these three forming a quorum, as in all heavenly bodies, and in organizing element, perfectly represented in the Deity, as Father, Son, and Holy Ghost. (Journal of Discourses, Vol. 1 p. 51)

This is known commonly as the “Adam-God theory.” And Young may very well be correct, albeit completely misunderstood. Sadly, this simple truth has been lost to the idea that Young was teaching that Adam was God the Father. Yet how could this be? If Eloheim is our Heavenly Parents, and Yahovah (YHWH/I AM) is Jesus Christ, then logically Michael/Adam is the Holy Ghost. When Young stated earlier in the discourse that Adam is “our FATHER and our GOD, and the only God with whom WE have to do” he wasn’t stating Adam was God the Father. When was the last time someone was converted to the Gospel of Jesus Christ due to God the Father telling them to do it?

It is the Holy Ghost that leads, guides and walks beside us. It is through the Holy Ghost that we gain gain guidance and all spiritual gifts (Hebrews 2: 4, 1 Nephi 10: 19). While it is through Christ that we gain salvation, it is through the Holy Ghost that we are sanctified (Romans 15: 16). Even Jesus Christ needed the Gift of the Holy Ghost to do his divine work (Acts 10: 38).

We can know this to be true because of the example Adam lived for us. He sacrificed life in the Garden of Eden for Eve and for us (Genesis 3: 6). He knew that we could not be born if Eve left, yet she had to leave the presence of God for her sin of partaking of the apple. He ate of the fruit understanding what he was doing (1 Timothy 2: 14).

There is one problem with this idea, that is verse 9 in the fifth chapter in the Book of Moses. There is states that “the Holy Ghost fell upon Adam.” How can the Holy Ghost fall upon the Holy Ghost? This question may be answered a few ways.

For one, how does the Holy Ghost fall upon a room full of people? How does he fall upon people all over the world at the same time? The Holy Ghost is both a personage and an office, so to speak. There are, or must be, angels that do the work of the Holy Ghost just as we do the Lord’s work here on Earth. This way those authorized to use his power may represent him all over the world. Thus, the power of the Holy Ghost may fall upon Adam, who is the actual Holy Ghost. After all, if we are all Adam, and we are all gods, then it may also be that we are all the Holy Ghost.

For another, it should also be noted that this is the time of the pre-mortal Christ. Thus, YHWH – still a spirit – could have acted as the Holy Ghost until Adam was ready to pick up the mantel. In the Testament of Adam (a pseudepigraphal work), Adam tells his son, Seth, that after eating from the tree of knowledge, God said to him, “Be not sorrowful, O Adam, for thou didst wish to become a god and didst transgress my command. Behold, I will establish thee, not at this present, but after a few days.” This, of course, is in reference to his salvation through Christ, but it clearly points to the idea that Adam will be made a God. While this “scripture” is not doctrine, it does point out that the idea of Adam’s godhood is not new. And it points to the idea that after death, he could have reclaimed his mantel of godhood as the Holy Ghost through repentance and Christ’s grace.


Though we have no solid revelation to prove it, the temple ceremony and the modern scriptures – as accepted by the Church – seem to agree with Young’s statement that Adam, Michael, and the Holy Ghost are one in the same. This would explain the idea of Adam being our Father and our God, as he is the father of our salvation as the first prophet on the Earth and our God as he is the Holy Ghost. We do not worship him, as it is Christ that we worship as he intercedes for us with Elohim, our Heavenly Father and Mother. Yet he is the only God we have anything to do with as it is the promptings of the Spirit that we follow until we become worthy of the Second Comforter – even Jesus Christ.

Image: France Paris Notre-Dame-Adam and Eve by Rebecca Kennison

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